Wines – MCohol.com http://mcohol.com Mon, 08 Jan 2018 20:31:55 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Types of Wines http://mcohol.com/types-of-wines/ http://mcohol.com/types-of-wines/#comments Tue, 10 Jun 2014 21:19:09 +0000 http://mcohol.com/?p=645 One of the most refreshing drinks man has laid his hands upon is a bottle of chilled wine. It is a work of art, a creation that takes years of effort and dedication and the end result is the delectable liquid, one that cheers and refreshes the senses. It is an actual marriage with each ...

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Wines

One of the most refreshing drinks man has laid his hands upon is a bottle of chilled wine. It is a work of art, a creation that takes years of effort and dedication and the end result is the delectable liquid, one that cheers and refreshes the senses. It is an actual marriage with each step to the food laid out, and depending on the menu, the choice of the wine is made. The wine must be served at the right temperature; it will either cloy or else become watery.

Wine has fruit in it, fermented mostly in its own juices, till it acquires character, such as body, smell, flavor and taste. Most of the wines are made from grapes, but there are instances of wines made from apple, elderberry and pomegranates.

Bring on the Wine

There is nothing more boring, than watching paint dry. Aging is all there is, and the more aged a wine is, the better it is. Wine is a branch of alcoholic beverages that has wondrous uses. It is a teatime drink, a morning pick-me-up or a doctor’s palliative when one is feeling weak. More than all, it is also a social drink and indeed a classy one. Champagne is a type of wine that gained popularity in France as the drink of the kings.

Red wine

Red Wines

History would not speak in the crimson tones or in so confident a manner if there were not the wine in the man. Red betrays the disposition in man to be something more than what he ought to be. Red wines, for this matter, continue to be the true light of courage and great taste. Some reds that have enamored the best of the past are:

  • Zinfandel
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Pinot Noir
  • Grenache
  • Sangiovese

Red wines are flavored more by the tannins than anything else. These give the body or richness and we classify the wines as full-bodied, light-bodied or medium-bodied.  An example of full-bodied wines is Super Tuscans French Bordeaux wines. Nouveua is a light-bodied wine while Chianti is a medium bodied wine.

White Wine

White Wines

Did someone say, “Champagne”? Yes, it is a white wine and it has become synonymous with the kings and celebratory times. White wines are pale yellow or light apple green in color. The white wine varietals are:

  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Gewurztraminer
  • Chardonnay
  • Pinot Gris
  • Chenin Blanc

White wines are an aperitif by themselves or may accompany meals. The lighter the meal the lighter the wine. Many still hold the thumb rule of white meat-white wine very dearly. Rieslings and Chardonnay are popular choices for meals.

History of Wines

There is evidence that people have indulged in wine drinking since 6000 BC. The Phoenician ships that sank sometime in 750 BC had wine cargo intact. Excavations at ancient sites tell us of winemaking presses, jars made of ceramic and of pottery shards more than 7000 years old, all used for their wine making.

Wines are special, They do not need sugar or sweeteners, ferment by themselves without any chemicals and often intoxicate more than any alcoholic spirit you cared to choose. History of civilization bears witness to the splendor of the art. Dionysus the Greek god and Bacchus the Roman god were representatives of wine. Grape based drink madhu was drunk in India, as chronicled by Chanakya, the Chief Minister in the court of King Chandragupta Maurya.

Getting To Know Themred & white wine

Types of Wines come in two formal attires, red and white. People choose them for their intoxication, their smell, their body and their taste. In addition, one classifies them according to their constituent grape variety. If there is only one particular grape variety, then the wine is a varietal; otherwise, it is a blend.

The grape varieties get their names of the place where they are grown. The most famous grape varieties are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Sauvignon and Cabernet. Grouping wine goes by region in European countries while in other places; one refers to the grape varietal. Vintage wines are those made from grapes grown in a particular year. Most good wines improve with aging when stored in a proper way.

Tasting and Collecting Wines

Wine tasting and wine collection are two hobbies that thrill wine enthusiasts. Tasting requires a thorough knowledge of the various wines, their manufacture and their properties. Wines have varying degree of sweetness depending on the amount of sugar added. Dry wines have very little sugar. Decant the wines to remove sedimentation and then allow them to breathe by pouring into a wide receptacle. Swirling the wines in a glass allows the volatile chemicals to vaporize, bringing out the aroma of the wine. If the wine is good, there will be smells of fruit and hints of sweetness. One gets added flavors such as chocolate or vanilla by aging them in oak casks.

Vintage Wines

Collecting vintage wines happen to be a tradition among people. Prices of vintage bottles can be as high as a couple of thousand dollars a bottle. One should know which brands are dependable and age well. Burgundy, Bordeaux or vintage port is safe bets. The main wine producers in the world are France, Italy, Spain, USA, Australia, Argentina, China and Germany. France produces a little less than 15 hectoliters compared to Germany’s 10.

Moderate consumption of wine is beneficial to health. It also has a religious significance for Christians who “do this in remembrance of me” during the Eucharist festival.  Wines need to be stored in cellars or wine rooms. These are usually in the cool and dark corners of the house. The low temperature and the absence of light are essential for the wine to mature properly.

We have winemaking categorization into those that involve still production of wine and those that involve carbonation. The latter class has sparkling wine. The most common wine grape variety the Vitis vinifera is available throughout Europe. The quality of the wine changes due to the richness of the soil and the methods of picking and fermenting the grapes.

So, when you are out for the toss, remember to pick the drink that will not let you sink. You are the boss remember?

Veuve Clicquot

 

Wine subcategories

Sparkling Wine

Sparkling Wines sparkle, bubbles of gas escape, exploding against the sides of the glass creating an illusion of sparkle. The best known is Champagne one of the list toppers at anyplace in the world where wine is wanted.

Veuve Clicquot  $25.95

This is intriguing and tasty, with delicate elegance coming from the Chardonnay mingling with power, the crus lends its touch. It has a pleasant fragrance, brioche and fruit notes dominating. It is a good aperitif; it goes well with meal of any seafood.

Robert Oatley

White Wine

This is an aperitif and usually accompanies a light meal. The color alludes to the pale yellow or yellow gold color that the drink has due to the skins of the grapes. These are lighter and more refreshing than the reds.

Robert Oatley $14.95

A unique aromatic blend of notes created while picking the grapes, gives the fresh and uplifting notes to the wine. It borders on the edge of the fruit notes, yet has texture.

poema cavaRose Wine

These have distinct red color but not enough to qualify them as red wines. The “pink” varies from light onion color to near purple. In these, the ‘skin-contact’ method is to be used to get the color. The skin is pressed and left in the juice for a couple of days at least.

Poema $10.95

This sparkling wine from Spain has fruity and crisp notes. Though well balanced, there are hints of cherry and raspberry, which smells clean on the nose and the mouth. The endnotes are crisp and clean and add to the allure of the wine.

Chateau Capitoul Cap RougeRed wines

These are made from dark grapes, and the maturity of the wines determines the actual color. This could be brick red to deep purple. The color is extracted from the skins in order to impart the deep color.

Chateau Capitoul $11.95

This is light in taste, and has three varietals Syrah, Carignan and Grenache. Dark in color it has powerful smell, mainly with leather tones, dark fruits and some spice. The soft notes of the fruit start first and finish with the light coffee.

Stella Rosa

Dessert Wine

These are wines typically sweet and drunk with the dessert. The wines drunk before the meal are light and much stronger.

II Conte D’Alba $8.95

This drink known as Stella Rosa is incredibly popular. It does not disappoint and is easy to drink. It is brewed in the village of Santo-Stefano Belbo.

Skinnygirl wine

Sangria

This wine punch mainly from Portugal and Spain has wine, a sweetener, small amounts of brandy added and fruit chopped into small pieces. It has a typical red color similar to blood and hence the name. The range of the sweetener like the fruit could vary widely from place to place. You could find orange slices, peach, berries, melon and apple and for the sweetener, simple syrup, orange juice, honey and sugar could be added.

Skinnygirl $13.49

This is a really relaxing drink that is not too heavy on calories? Try the Skinnygirl, a wine cocktail by B Frankel. It is sure to be very entertaining.

Shimizu-No-MaiRice Wine

Brewing rice starch makes this alcoholic beverage. This has a higher alcohol content (18-22%) compared to grape wines (9-11%).

Shimizu-No-Mai $32.95

The notes are light floral with a hint of orange. The mineral notes indicate the strength. It is fresh with pear notes appearing together with apple. Overall, creamy with a sweet finish which is dry.

Original article: Types of Wines

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Top 10 Red Wines http://mcohol.com/top-10-red-wines/ http://mcohol.com/top-10-red-wines/#comments Mon, 24 Jun 2013 01:12:42 +0000 http://mcohol.com/?p=793 Wine is a fermented grape drink with good alcohol content. The color of the wines depends on the process of fermentation. Wines made from dark skinned grapes have color and tannins. When the fruit begins fermentation, the color from the skins seeps into the wine. By leaving the skins longer in the wine, we get ...

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top red wines

Wine is a fermented grape drink with good alcohol content. The color of the wines depends on the process of fermentation. Wines made from dark skinned grapes have color and tannins. When the fruit begins fermentation, the color from the skins seeps into the wine. By leaving the skins longer in the wine, we get deep red colors. However, the tannins give a bitter taste to the wines.

Among the top red wines, the most popular varietals are Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Syrah, Merlot, Sangiovese and Grenache. Different vineyards grow different varietals depending on the climate of the place and the soil type. A Merlot grown in the United States would produce different tasting wine from one produced from Merlot grapes grown in Europe. The price of the wine depends on the vintage and the dilution adopted.

 

1. Californian Zinfandel (Typical Price: $9.99)

America’s wine or vine Zinfandel is thin-skinned varietal that must be grown in warm climate regions. The uneven ripening pattern of the grapes, the same bunch will have ripe berries and green unripe ones, raises concerns regarding the best way to harvest them. Multiple passes–handpicking method helps to pick only the ripe ones and this accounts for the high cost of certain Zinfandels. The wine develops flavor with aging and maceration, the process of leaving the skins in the juice. The first notes to develop is the strawberry. Cherry flavor forms with more time and lastly we will experiences the blackberry notes. In the warmer zones, the anise and pepper notes are also present. The alcohol content is 15% making it a hot wine.

 

2. Pinot Noir (Typical Price: $9 — $ 33,445)

Pinot noir is very temperamental yet tantalizing, charming yet an enigma. The virtues of the grape are very puzzling to those who are not wise to the fine art of wine tasting. The skins of the pinot noir varietal are delicate results in lighter body and color. Despite this obvious delicacy, the backbone and the length of the best wines make them outstanding. These wines grew in France in 150 BC. It is the opinion of the experts that pinot noir is the best red wine in the world.


The color of the pinot noir will vary from cherry red to purple red. It is an extremely difficult grape to grow and make into wine.

Wines made of Pinot Noir grapes have aroma and classy taste; in addition, the Pinot Noir is one of the cheapest wines made. They have the best quality among top red wines. It goes well with lamb chicken and salmon. Delicate dry wine the words Pinot Noir mean pink and black in French. The wine has light to medium body it is available in all countries today once it was located only in Burgundy region in France. The ‘pine’ and ‘dark’ referring to the pine cone shaped bunch of fruits and the dark skin of the grapes gives origin to the name Pinot Noir.

 

3. Grenache (Typical Price: $11.29 — $59.99)

This is the most planted red grape in Spain and the second most planted variety in the world. Pale red in color, it has a sweet flavor. Sometimes people make it into a thick red wine. This is main ingredient in Rioja where it blends with Tempranillo to form a heavy red. Taking good care of the vines during the growing stages helps in this. It pairs beautifully with hearty meals like steak and burgers. Serve at 64˚F. Drink it fast within the 5-year period.

Wines also get their body from the amount of yeast and sugar added. Mainly the quality of the fruit determines the amount of acidity and sweetness there is in the wine. Dry wine has less sugar added during fermentation (0- 1.3); this means less amount of sugar converts to alcohol. Different regions add different amounts and kinds of yeast and this gives entirely new flavor to the wine.

 

4. Chilean Cabernet Sauvignon (Typical Price: $13 — $1700)

This premium wine varietal, the king of red wines, comes from Chile, Bordeaux and Napa valley. This is one of the three wines, which make up the unique Bordeaux wine. The other two are Cabernet Franc and Merlot. It remained the most widely planted varietal until Merlot surpassed it. Pruning is an important part of cultivation because the vine will keep growing the leaves instead of ripening the fruit. When the grapes are under-ripened, the wine has a bell-pepper flavor, which many find undesirable. There are mint flavor and eucalyptus flavors too. Cabernet Sauvignon blends well with Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Shiraz also. Long maceration periods will lead to longer aging periods. Oak aging introduces special oak tannins. Barrel aging not only softens the tannins, the vanilla and spice components complement the tobacco and black currant notes perfectly. They pair well with lamb, steak, strong flavored cheese and dishes with heavy cream. Avoid spicy foods because the bitterness accentuates the tannins in the wine. Important producers worth trying are:

  • Caymus
  • Mondavi
  • Shafer Vineyards
  • Beringer
  • Rubicon

 

5. Merlot (Typical Price: $2 — $9,995)

This vine grows in the Bordeaux region of France and in Australia, Europe and America. It has great volume, suppleness and great taste blends well with other wines. It has low acidic content making it highly drinkable; the name translates to black bird in French. The aromas are black cherry and herb rich aromas. If the wine is from colder regions, the acidic content will be more. This is a sibling variety to Cabernet and Malbec. However, this does not age well. It can grow in tougher conditions unlike Cabernet vines. It buds early and therefore harvested early. It is ideally suited for medium heavy dishes like beef, red pasta dish, or heavier chicken dishes; compliments chocolate very well. Serve at 64˚F. This has less tannin than Cabernet and so could be drunk earlier.

 

6. Australian Shiraz (Typical Price: $6 — $30)

This dark skinned grape wine with peppery tang combines well with steak, stew, and beef. Wine drinkers consider it favorably and it is available below 20 dollars. These also have the highest amount of tannins; fruity aromas balance the bitter taste. It originated in France and spread throughout the world. This is a medium to full bodied wine with the darkest skin grape and is more popular in Australia than Europe. The flavors range from chocolates to berries to violets.

This also goes by the name of Syrah. It has a spicy blackberry, plum mingled with peppery flavors. There are hints of licorice and bitter chocolate with mocha. There are sweeter varieties made while dry types are also possible. It goes well with beef or Mexican foods. It is suited for spicy foods. Serve in a tall glass at 64˚F. Can be drunk immediately, and it is possible to age it for 5 years or more depending on the tannic content.

Of course, wines have therapeutic quality; they stimulate the appetite and blood flow. Taken in right amounts they are wonderful companions for your every meal. They have a pride of place in every culture and the first miracle if you remember was the turning water into wine.

 

7. Sangiovese (Typical Price: $12.34 à $199)

This slow ripening and slow maturing Italian red varietal is the base for Chianti, Carmignano and Morellino di Scansano, just as Sauvignon is for Bordeaux. The name translates roughly to “blood of Jove” and wine has high acidity and bitter finish. The body is medium heavy, elegant and robust with flavors that range from strawberry to plum. Faint floral and blueberry notes are present in various degrees too. When aged the flavor becomes tarry or oaky. There are many vineyards in California but the best wines come from Sierra Foothills, San Luis Obispo and Napa valley. This is Italy’s top varietal. Winemakers often blend these grapes with varietals such as Ciliegiolo Mammolo, Canaiolo and Colorino and increase the length of fermentation to increase the body. Super Tuscans have the longest aging period; Brunello di Montalcino vintages can age more than 20 years.

 

8. Beaujolais (Typical Price: $9 — $89)

Beaujolais is a light refreshing French wine. It is popular because it is highly drinkable and it is cheap. This wine comes from Gamay grapes that have thin skin and low tannins. There is high acidity and is served chilled like white wines. These wines, pair well with light foods taken for picnics and salads. Heavier wine such as Cru Beaujolais goes well with poultry dishes and stews. Serve the wine at 57˚F.

 

9. Cabernet Franc (Typical Price: $17.89 — $127.89)

The Cabernet Franc is a lighter and fruitier variety of its sibling the Cabernet Sauvignon. They are the principal ingredient used in Meritage and used for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. The flavors are blackberry, vanilla and cherry. Tannins are not noticeable and the wine has a smooth finish. They can be aged upward of 10 years. It should ideally have a serving temperature of 63˚F.

 

10. Tempranillo (Typical Price: $7.99 — $23.99)

This red wine helps in making Rioja wine for a long time. The flavors of the wine are herb, tobacco or berry. This ripens early compared to most other grape varietals and hence the name ‘temprano’ meaning early. It grows best in higher altitudes. It adapts well to Mediterranean climates. Roots of the vine tend to absorb potassium and this may lead to higher salt content in the fruit. Aromas include tobacco, plum, berries, herb, leather and vanilla.  Many winemakers blend this with Syrah and Grenache too.

Original article: Top 10 Red Wines

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The Top 10 White Wines http://mcohol.com/the-top-10-white-wines/ http://mcohol.com/the-top-10-white-wines/#comments Sat, 22 Jun 2013 03:44:06 +0000 http://mcohol.com/?p=780 White wines exquisitely elegant, like the sunshine of the day, diffuses its magnificence to all who see it, let alone taste it. Distinct from their red cousins, these are made for the opening of the meal and for some light snack times. In order to understand your white wine basics, you have to understand wines ...

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top white wines brands

White wines exquisitely elegant, like the sunshine of the day, diffuses its magnificence to all who see it, let alone taste it. Distinct from their red cousins, these are made for the opening of the meal and for some light snack times. In order to understand your white wine basics, you have to understand wines first. First let us learn some white wine basics so that we are not complete strangers in the ocean of drinking etiquette. Popular types of wines are red and white, besides dessert wine and fortified wine. One could see in wine white has a unique place. Wine a drink of the gods, is always venerated since it has close bondings with almost all civilizations of the world. Yet many prefer the dry white because they go easy with spicy dishes, pork, salmon and Asian cuisine.

 

wine glassesMaking of the Whites

White wine preparation needs care for the skin could add color if they are left with the crushed fruit too long. Contrary to popular belief, a lot of white wines are made from dark grapes, only the skins are removed quickly, before the color seeps into the residue. Many dry white wines are favorites with regular drinkers. Fun is in the white wine glass. When it comes to choosing the most popular white wine the race is inevitably won by the thoroughbred in the white wine class, the Chardonnay.

 

The Top 5 Whites

The top 5 white wines are Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Grigio and Riesling. The race for the rest of the spots is up for grabs. It is the search for the perfect drink that has kept the connoisseur from resting, it is more than a quest, it is a dream. Many of the popular white wines have held their top spot for generations. There is a tendency to think that white wine is lesser in alcohol content than red wines because they are light colored. There are many things that qualify for white wine basics, but the foremost of them comes with the choice one makes for the meal. The meal chooses the wine white wine usually accompanies white meat food. For many who drink wine white is the color to choose or you lose. Yet one does not march to the wilderness, one searches in the plains. One could search search in vain for the perfect white wine, for all the white wines have tinges of green or yellow and none are pure white. Online search for white wine would show you how true this is. You could hear the white wine being referred to by the place of the origin such as Burgundy white wine.

 

List of Top 10 Winners in White Winewhite wines bottle

 

1. Chardonnay

This is the top wine among white wines. It goes with any food and has a good flavor. It has fresh fruity tones, and acidic flavor that favors the seafood. There is a touch of melons and citrus along with undertones of pears and apple. It offsets the creamy taste and lends the freshness of the citrus to the diner.

2. Sauvignon Blanc

Young drink, does not benefit from aging, drink straight away. It is from the Loire Valley in France. This is a fresh and crisp medium bodied wine with hints of herbs and light citrus. it is not sweet and is acidic to taste, and so goes well with rich poultry dishes and with fried accompaniments. It is one of the dry wines with the best flavor.


3. Marc Pesnot, La Boheme VdT 2008

Creamy in texture, this is a heady wine made from Melon de Bourgogne grapes. There are heady floral notes that dips into the fruity notes of grapefruit and figs before the ascending note of the crusty custard adds to the rich flavor. The wine is light bodied good for the summer, and combines well with a variety of dishes. Among hot dishes, grilled sausages with cheese combines well with the light floral notes and the aromatic overtones compliment the heavier cheesy notes well. You could try this with some salads as well.

4. Chenin Blanc

Manufactured in the regions of France, South Africa and California, this has a distinctly sweet aroma of honey and vanilla. It is a full bodied wine that goes well as usual with seafood, white meat dishes and any salad. Cheese sets the taste off best because it is slightly acidic.

5. Pinot Grigio

White wine varietal is just the blend that the manufacturer chooses for his brand. Mystique of white wine white grape juice, that turns the evening into a magical fantasy, transports you to a distant land where the Pinot Grigio is the oar you cling to while negotiating the meal. It is easy to understand that in proper white wine varietal gives the drink its color. The varietals are the blends of the grapes primarily the genetic brand and the place where it is grown.

6. Gewürztraminer

These full-bodied wines are available in dry and sweet varieties. These are young wines which pair well with flavorsome recipes as well as with spicy dishes. The flavors have spicy cinnamon and nutmeg with overtones of apricot, honey, rose and pumpkin. There is a lot of romance in the matching of wine with the food but the thumb rule especially holding sway over most is the “white wine with white meat” rule. Most white wine are crisp and though they may vary in body, they go well with fish dishes. There are many types of sweet white wines. Sweet wine is usually reserved for the dessert.

7. Riesling

This pale colored wine, originally from Germany, has distinct flavor and aroma. There are distinct tones of peach and apple with undercurrents of spice and honey. There are dry versions and sweet versions which means that it can be used as a dessert wine and also as an accompaniment for the main course.

8. Viognier

This full bodied wine has a particularly fruity character. Its aroma conjures distinct notes of oranges and ripe apricots, along with sweet smells. It is usually dry and pairs well with spicy and hot Thai dishes, shellfish and crab.

9. Semillion

This expensive and popular dessert wine is made in the Bordeaux. There are dry and sweet versions of the drink. It is full flavored rich and aromatic, with citrus and fresh herb dominating the notes. This serves as a blend for Sauvignon Blanc as well as for Chardonnay because of its innate creaminess.

10. Saracco Moscato d’Asti 2011

An authentic and popular wine, it is rich in floral flavors and tastes delicious. It is light bodied with a sleigh acidity and slight sweetness and combines well with fruit. Goes very well with most spicy cuisine. Wines rated online have a lower opinion with the general public than with the wine connoisseur because the opinions online are seen by millions of readers. Dry white wine is more popular and the search for their cousin the reds is only when the folk want their desserts. More merry lip smacking time to you and your kind.

Original article: The Top 10 White Wines

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Brief Look at the Origins of Wine http://mcohol.com/brief-look-at-the-origins-of-wine/ http://mcohol.com/brief-look-at-the-origins-of-wine/#comments Fri, 15 Feb 2013 12:03:42 +0000 http://mcohol.com/?p=502 Feasting and rejoicing accompany every celebration of man. For the feast to be a success, the food has to be good, the drink has to be excellent and the dishware must be in keeping with the style of the occasion. The best food must have the best wines and the matching of the food with ...

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Origins of Wine

Feasting and rejoicing accompany every celebration of man. For the feast to be a success, the food has to be good, the drink has to be excellent and the dishware must be in keeping with the style of the occasion. The best food must have the best wines and the matching of the food with the wine is an art in itself.

Wine and Its Relationship to Man

Wine has been associated with religion and the Greek gods and goddesses have been known to partake in drinking of wine. The earliest references to wine are in the Mycenaean Greek inscriptions, which say, of the ‘me-to-wo ne-wo’ or the month new wine is made.

History Wines

The discovery of 8000-year-old storage urns made of ceramic from regions of Georgia and that of 7000 year-old shards of pottery containing wine residues from mountains of Iran show that man has always had a bond with wine.

Ingredients and Manufacture

The earliest production of wine has been dated back to 6000 BC. The most essential ingredient necessary for the wine has been the percentage of fermentable sugar in the fruit. Further the acidity should be low, so as to preserve the juice. Grapes have the ideal balance of acidity, sugar and react favorably to the addition of yeast.

Manufacture of Wine

Wine is made by crushing grapes and fermenting the juice till the right alcoholic content has been reached. The fruit chosen need not necessarily be grape, since wine could be made with fruits like apple, elderberry and pomegranates.

Choice of GrapesGrape Wine

Different varieties of grapes have different sugar content. The thickness of the skins and the color plays an important role in the final product. The grapes are distinguishable by the place of origin and the genetic properties such as color, thickness of skin and sweetness. Some of the most widely used grapes are:

  • Grenache
  • Malbec
  • Merlot
  • Nebbiolo
  • Pinot Meunier
  • Petit Verdot
  • Sangiovese
  • St.Laurent
  • Carignan

Classifications of Wine

Wines are chosen according to a number of specifications. One of the foremost is the manufacturing process, where the grape is chosen and processed. The chosen grape may be red or white.

Next in the process, is the aging of the wine in the bottle. This means different varieties of grapes need to be fermented for different periods of time. By allowing this period to pass, we get wine that is fully mature.

Mode of Manufacture

Grapes are crushed to remove the acidity and the skin is retained for a certain period of time in order to give the wine its color.  Addition of yeast is done for the fermentation to take place. This helps convert the starch into alcohol.

For making white wines, the skins are removed at the earliest instance possible. For rose wines, the skins are left for 3 to 4 days in the juice before they are removed. For red wines the skins need to be retained for longer periods.

The wines mature in the bottles, and gas is formed on fermentation. The bottles therefore have to be strong in order to withstand the pressure and keep from exploding. The cork is also specially made usually in three pieces that are held together by the central piece that is glued.

Year of Manufacture

The wines attain maturity after a period of time. By leaving them in their bottles till they attain their full strength, we get good quality wines. (This year will be mentioned on the bottles). Many wines, however, may be drunk as soon as they are made.

Appearance of Winewines bottles

Wines are also classified as:

  • White Wines
  • Red Wines
  • Pink Wines
  • Dry Wines
  • Dessert Wines
  • Sparkling Wines
  • Fortified Wines
  • Rose Wines

The wine has qualities that determine its standard. Some of the physical attributes that determine the standard are:

  • Color
  • Smell
  • Taste
  • Body

Color

This is the first appearance and one generally goes by the name or brand. It is important to note that people do give a lot of credit to the color of the wine. It may be a pink wine or a red wine but the color sets a standard of its own.

Smell

Swirl the wine in the glass and hold it up to your nose. The aroma will rise up and give you the notes. If you are new at this, you may not recognize all the aromatic notes. The floral, mineral, fruit, oak, undergrowth and toast  are easily recognizable.

Taste

The taste depends a lot on whether it is a white or a red. The first impression of just swallowing the wine could be light, sweet, ticklish or hard. The wine will show its strength only in the latter stages but you will recognize the watery content immediately. It could be full or slightly watery but the taste will match the sweetness or crispness.

Body

The aftertaste is left which may be bitter to burning or sweet or crisp. There may be lingering aromas, which make the drinker want more of the wine. If the body is too full, the after effect of the aromas, or the dying notes could be absent altogether.

Matching Food and Winewine and food

If the food has garlic, spices or raw fruits it would interfere with the tasting of the wine. If you want to get the best possible combination of wine to food, here are the suggestions.

When you eat heavy, you drink heavy. This means that with red meats you ought to go with red wines. It means when you have raw vegetables, fish or goats’ cheese you should have white wine instead of red.

When having pink wines or Champagne, do not have dessert or very strong cheeses. However, you may go with your own pairing since tastes differ. If your food is light, the effect of the wine will be good.

Try to avoid having hard wine with any food that is sweet. If the dish is having acidic or salty taste, then you should have a good sweet wine.

Storing of Wine

Wine Storage

Wine is ideally stored at 50° F to 60 ° F. The humidity should be enough to prevent the drying out of the corks. Usually 60% humidity is sufficient. Choose a place like a cellar or a dark corner, which is not exposed to heat, or light like a cellar. The wine bottles are stored by placing them on their sides. This way the cork will always be moist. When the cork gets dried out, the air is let in and the wine will spoil.

Original article: Brief Look at the Origins of Wine

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